Skip to content
Home » What is EMI/EMC Testing?

What is EMI/EMC Testing?

The EMI/EMC test informs engineers whether the gadget is suitable for the electromagnetic environment in which it is located and determines if the gadget can cause electromagnetic interference or EMI in actual situations. If a world was not populated by EMC test, the possibility of helicopters flying off into the air, respiratory machines turning silent, or even your mobile phone losing signal rise. These machines all depend on technology that can be affected by unintended electromagnetic energy. They must need to undergo EMI EMC testing to ensure that they meet the specifications for IEC, CISPR and MIL-STDs (military standards) and ensure EMI conformance.

What exactly is EMC?

Electromagnetic compatibility (also known as EMC is a subfield of electrical engineering focusing on testing for EMI/EMC. Jets, gaming systems , and automobiles, for instance are all required to be designed to guard against damaging electromagnetic interference or electromagnetic interference. It is even more worrying that the products themselves could cause electromagnetic interference. The device that disrupts the signals of cell towers or harms airplanes could lead to companies paying millions of dollars in lawsuits or fines.

The EMI/EMC Testing Procedure

Locate the standards. “What standards are applicable for my particular product?” is the first question you must consider. The standards can vary based on the type of product and location Standards aren’t easy to determine or pinpoint and a failure to meet an EMC standard could be catastrophic for manufacturers. Get in touch with one of the EMC test lab to find out the standards you must be able to meet prior to sending your product to them or creating your own EMC test plan for yourself in case you are familiar with the specifications.

Conduct a pre-compliant testing. You want your devices to have flawless EMI immunity and not generate more energy that rules require prior to being officially tested. Check your devices at fully-compliant test locations like anechoic chambers and enclosures for RF shields. Hire full-compliance testers such as EMI receivers. Based on the product being examined, make sure you check the product’s resistance to EMI as well as it’s EMI emissions it creates and are covered further down. Renting EMC-compliant test equipment from ATEC can save you time and money in the compliance process. We are ISO-9001 certified as well as ISO 17025 accredited in calibration by the A2LA.

Select the EMC testing lab. Make sure to select the EMC test lab which is A2LA 17025 certified. EMC accreditation is crucial for establishing the credibility of your test results when you put your products in the marketplace. Due to this, EMC labs are busy. Schedule your appointment ahead of time, and plan ahead for the pre-compliance test to avoid costly scheduling changes.

Test Methods

To evaluate the EMC of an item or system technicians conduct four fundamental kinds of tests: Radiated Immunity radiation emissions conducted immunity, conducted as well as conducted emission.

Radiated Immunity Testing – Radiated testing examines how a device will perform when exposed the electromagnetic energy that it will encounter in its surroundings.

Radiated Emissions: Radiated emissions tests test the frequency of electromagnetic interference that a device creates. Technicians need to make sure that the emission levels of the device are within the limit for its power and size.

Conducted Immunity: Measures the reaction of an item of equipment to the electromagnetic energy generated in another source, and later accidently is transmitted along an electrical cable or any other conductors to the device under testing.

Conducted Emissions: Measures the intensity of electromagnetic energy that could travel through a conductor, and create EMI for other systems.

For these tests, it is necessary to use special equipment based on the test. For instance it is the EMSCAN EHX+ is an EMC/EMI diagnostic tool that comes with an in-built spectrum analyzer. EMSCAN EHX+ models allow engineers to view radiated emission patterns and also identify any defects, thus reducing the time to test typical near field probe by two levels. The EHX+ saves time and cost and can provide precise information to be analyzed.

Testing Equipment for EMI/EMC

Engineers frequently send their products to be tested and certified by labs that have EMC accreditation. In an investigation conducted recently, researchers discovered that half of devices do not pass EMC tests in the first attempt. With these products it is possible to conduct EMC/EMI testing in-house, performing several tests to test the compatibility of your devices before sending them to be tested by the laboratory.

Emissions Testing was conducted

Conducted Emissions testing is a method of detecting an internal emission of electromagnetic energy. They get stronger when they are radiated across a signal or power conductor, which causes interference. Conductors function as an antenna “accidentally emitting.” In general the method of testing is used to simulate internal interference that is found in antenna and power lead terminals.

Conduct Immunity Testing

Conducted immunity tests test the device’s resistance to external interference caused by the conductor of EMI such as the signal or power cable. Engineers conduct conducted immunity tests to find out how the gadget is affected by conducted EMI and also how it could be improved to improve its immunity.

Tests for Radiated Emissions

Radiated emissions testing is a method of measuring the amount of electromagnetic energy a device generates, and simulates the potential interference that a device could generate in its surroundings. Switching voltages and currents within all digital circuits can unintentionally produce electromagnetic radiation. The task for engineers then, is to reduce this interference to acceptable levels. Testing for emissions radiation is carried out in open-area testing sites or in echo chambers.

Radiated Immunity Testing

The test of radiation immunity simulates the interaction of a device with electromagnetic fields that they may come across. Radios, cell phones motors, and a myriad of other devices can emit EMI which causes damage or disrupts the signal from the device being tested. The RF amplifiers play a vital function in these tests due to the fact that they create an electromagnetic field that simulates standard conditions that require exact amplifying.

Related Industries

For many manufacturers testing the electromagnetic characteristics of their products is an important element of production.

Medical Equipment
EMC testing is an essential stage in the manufacture of devices for medical use. If the medical device fails to operate properly in conjunction with electrical system that surround it, it could be a danger for patients. The FDA requires to ensure that medical device be EMC evaluated in accordance with IEC standards.

Military Aerospace
Military equipment is subjected to stringent testing standards that call for electromagnetic susceptibility as well as emissions tests, among other specifications. MIL-STD-461 is a standard for aircrafts, automobiles spacecrafts, vehicles, as well as instruments that are susceptible to producing or suffering from electromagnetic energies.

Consumer Goods
All devices from iPhone through your computer Xbox is subject to EMC tests, including devices that are connected to Wi-Fi, and could be able to emit a large amount of EMI. FCC guidelines require extensive tests of technology for consumers prior to making products available to the market.

Automobile makers and other automobile machines must undergo the testing of EMI/EMC for both their parts, which includes things such as radios and engines, and also for cars in general. BMW, Mercedes and Volkswagen are only a few of the companies in the automotive industry that meet these requirements.

Component testing is a vast component of EMC. Semiconductors are used in almost all electronic products. They also, due to their ability to emit electromagnetic radiation they require tests to make sure they do not interfere with other devices.